Construction Site Safety Programs
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- Effective Workplace Inspections
- Workplace inspections help prevent injuries and illnesses. Through critical examination of the workplace, inspections identify and record hazards for corrective action. Joint occupational health and safety committees can help plan, conduct, report and monitor inspections. Regular workplace inspections are an important part of the overall occupational health and safety program
- What is the purpose of inspections?
- As an essential part of a health and safety program, workplaces should be inspected. Inspections are important as they allow you to:
listen to the concerns of workers and supervisors,
gain further understanding of jobs and tasks,
identify existing and potential hazards,
determine underlying causes of hazards,
monitor hazard controls (personal protective equipment, engineering controls, policies, procedures),
recommend corrective action.
- What types of hazards do we look for in a workplace?
- Types of workplace hazards include:
Safety hazards; e.g., inadequate machine guards, unsafe workplace conditions, unsafe work practices.
Biological hazards caused by organisms such as viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites.
Chemical hazards caused by a solid, liquid, vapour, gas, dust, fume or mist.
Ergonomic hazards caused by anatomical, physiological, and psychological demands on the worker, such as repetitive and forceful movements, vibration, temperature extremes, and awkward postures arising from improper work methods and improperly designed workstations, tools, and equipment.
Physical hazards caused by noise, vibration, energy, weather, heat, cold, electricity, radiation and pressure.
- How long should an inspection take to do?
- Nobody can accurately estimate how long each inspection will take. The time required depends on what is found, how many questions are asked, and how large and complex the work area is. Inspections are ineffective when the given time allows for only a hasty look.
The purpose is to keep the workplace free of hazards. The schedule should state:
when to inspect each area or item within the workplace
who carries out the inspection
what degree of detail to inspect each area or item.